## Little Elephant and Lemonade : CodeChef Problem LELEMON

Problem Statement:

When Little Elephant visits any room, he finds the bottle of the lemonade in that room that contains the greatest number of litres of lemonade and drinks it all.

There are n rooms (numbered from 0 to n-1), each contains $C_i$ bottles. Each bottle has a volume (in litres). The first room visited by Little Elephant was $P_0$th, the second $P_1$th, …, the m-th $P_{m-1}$th room. Note that Little Elephant may visit a room more than once.

Find for Little Elephant the total volume of lemonade he has drunk.

## Hello Hello : CodeChef Problem HELLO

Problem Statement:
Chef talks a lot on his mobile phone. As a result he exhausts his talk-value (in Rokdas) very quickly. One day at a mobile recharge shop, he noticed that his service provider gives add-on plans which can lower his calling rates (Rokdas/minute). One of the plans said “Recharge for 28 Rokdas and enjoy call rates of 0.50 Rokdas/min for one month”. Chef was very pleased. His normal calling rate is 1 Rokda/min. And he talked for 200 minutes in last month, which costed him 200 Rokdas. If he had this plan activated, it would have costed him: 28 + 0.5*200 = 128 Rokdas only! Chef could have saved 72 Rokdas. But if he pays for this add-on and talks for very little in the coming month, he may end up saving nothing or even wasting money. Now, Chef is a simple guy and he doesn’t worry much about future. He decides to choose the plan based upon his last monthâ€™s usage.

There are numerous plans. Some for 1 month, some for 15 months. Some reduce call rate to 0.75 Rokdas/min, some reduce it to 0.60 Rokdas/min. And of course each of them differ in their activation costs. Note – If a plan is valid for M months, then we must pay for (re)activation after every M months (once in M months). Naturally, Chef is confused, and you (as always) are given the task to help him choose the best plan.